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My brother and I just released alpha of our open source declarative programming language (implemented in Haskell!) for writing modern web apps (i.e. React/Node/Prisma) with no boilerplate. We are still learning Haskell and would love to get your feedback / advice!
Web page: https://wasp-lang.dev Docs: https://wasp-lang.dev/docs Github repo: https://github.com/wasp-lang/wasp We have been playing with Haskell for years now, but always on the side, and this is the first bigger project we are doing in Haskell (we thought Haskell would be a good fit for compiler), so we encountered interesting challenges and we are learning a lot as we are solving them. We are mostly sticking to “Boring Haskell”, due to us still learning some of the more complex concepts, but also in order to enable less experienced Haskellers to potentially contribute to the codebase. Some of the interesting Haskell-related challenges we encountered so far:
Building distributable binaries for OSX/Linux/Win. After a lot of research (haskell helped a lot here) we set up CI to build dynamic binaries for all 3 OSes. With stack, this was all actually pretty easy. One interesting problem was https://github.com/commercialhaskell/stack/issues/848 -> no way to provide portable binary with a path to data_dir. Next step will be to build static libraries. We plan to write a blog post about our experiences soon, we will put it in haskell when it is done!
We are dealing with file paths a lot, and at some point it became hard to figure out which path is relative, absolute, file, dir … -> introducing https://hackage.haskell.org/package/path helped us a lot with this. We actually ended up building our own solution on top of `path` that moves even more information into types, we plan to publish it as a package soon (although it might be slightly niche regarding use cases).
Testing IO code, specifically mocking while testing it. I believe we identified the most common solution(s), and we used it on some parts of the IO code, but we still feel it is pretty hard to do. Probably we need to get more experience with the needed mechanisms.
Record labels/fields not scoped by record. This is well known pain, but it took us some time to research all the options and figure out the best practices. At the end we settled for prefixing labels with _ and separating a record into its own module if there are naming conflicts with other records that would cause names to be overly long / complicated. This works fine so far, and while we are looking at Lens, we haven’t started using them yet.
Running multiple external processes at the same time and streaming their output was interesting and fun, we learned about and used the `async` package (very easy to use!) and used `Data.Conduit.Process` for running a single process while streaming its stdout and stderr.
Some bigger Haskell-related things on our roadmap:
Right now the language syntax is pretty ad-hoc, and we would like to formalize language more at some point, which means probably switching from parsec to Happy. Or, at least replacing parsec with megaparsec.
Implementing proper error reporting in the generator phase of the compiler. Right now we are using `error` which is very crude, we plan to instead introduce a monad transformer stack with ExceptT in it, so we can handle errors, maybe even do some recovery and similar.
Building static binaries (or at least packaging dynamic binaries with the libraries they need to make them effectively more static -> OSX).
Figuring out a better way to work with templates. Right now we are using `mustache` package, but our surface between Haskell and templates is pretty loose type-wise, creating space for runtime errors. Plan is to either define data types that precisely describe each template, or (would be better) to find another mechanism for templates that is somehow better integrated with Haskell. We are looking at the `heterocephalus` package as a possible solution.
We are looking for alpha testers, contributors, feedback, so let us know if you would like to participate!
Once a year, this subreddit hosts a survey in order to get to know the community a little bit and in order to answer questions that are frequently asked here. Earlier this summer, several thousand of you participated in the 2020 Subreddit Demographic Survey. Only those participants who meet our wiki definition of being childfree's results were recorded and analysed. Of these people, multiple areas of your life were reviewed. They are separated as follows:
Career and Finances
Religion and Spirituality
Sexual and Romantic Life
Childhood and Family Life
State of the Subreddit
Our sample is redditors who saw that we had a survey currently active and were willing to complete the survey. A stickied post was used to advertise the survey to members.
The raw data may be found via this link. 7305 people participated in the survey from July 2020 to October 2020. People who did not meet our wiki definition of being childfree were excluded from the survey. The results of 5134 responders, or 70.29% of those surveyed, were collated and analysed below. Percentages are derived from the respondents per question.
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 to 59
60 to 64
65 to 69
70 to 74
82.25% of the sub is under the age of 35.
Gender and Gender Identity
Because the list contains over 120 countries, we'll show the top 20 countries:
Country of birth
90.08% of the participants were born in these countries. These participants would describe their current city, town or neighborhood as:
The top 10 industries our participants are working in are:
Education - Teaching
Admin & Clerical
Restaurant - Food Service
Note that "other", "I'm a student", "currently unemployed" and "I'm out of the work force for health or other reasons" have been disregarded for this part of the evaluation. Out of the 3729 participants active in the workforce, the majority (1824 or 48.91%) work between 40-50 hours per week with 997 or 26.74% working 30-40 hours weekly. 6.62% work 50 hours or more per week, and 17.73% less than 30 hours. 513 or 10.13% are engaged in managerial responsibilities (ranging from Jr. to Sr. Management). On a scale of 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest), the overwhelming majority (3340 or 70%) indicated that career plays a very important role in their lives, attributing a score of 7 and higher. 1065 participants decided not to disclose their income brackets. The remaining 4,849 are distributed as follows:
$0 to $14,999
$15,000 to $29,999
$30,000 to $59,999
$60,000 to $89,999
$90,000 to $119,999
$120,000 to $149,999
$150,000 to $179,999
$180,000 to $209,999
$210,000 to $239,999
$240,000 to $269,999
$270,000 to $299,999
$300,000 or more
87.85% earn under $90,000 USD a year. 65.82% of our childfree participants do not have a concrete retirement plan (savings, living will).
Religion and Spirituality
Faith Originally Raised In
There were more than 50 options of faith, so we aimed to show the top 10 most chosen beliefs.
None (≠ Atheism. Literally, no notion of spirituality or religion in the upbringing)
This top 10 amounts to 95.01% of the total participants.
There were more than 50 options of faith, so we aimed to show the top 10 most chosen beliefs:
None (≠ Atheism. Literally, no notion of spirituality or religion currently)
This top 10 amounts to 94.65% of the participants.
Level of Current Religious Practice
Wholly seculanon religious
Identify with religion, but don't practice strictly
Lapsed/not serious/in name only
Observant at home only
Observant at home. Church/Temple/Mosque/etc. attendance
Strictly observant, Church/Temple/Mosque/etc. attendance, religious practice/prayeworship impacting daily life
Single and dating around, but not looking for anything serious
Single and dating around, looking for something serious
Single and not looking
Is your partner childfree? If your partner wants children and/or has children of their own and/or are unsure about their position, please consider them "not childfree" for this question.
I don't have a partner
I have more than one partner and none are childfree
I have more than one partner and some are childfree
I have more than one partner and they are all childfree
Dating a Single Parent
Would the childfree participants be willing to date a single parent?
No, I'm not interested in single parents and their ties to parenting life
Yes, but only if it's a short term arrangement of some sort
Yes, whether for long term or short term, but with some conditions (must not have child custody, no kid talk, etc.), as long as I like them and long as we're compatible
Yes, whether for long term or short term, with no conditions, as long as I like them and as long as we are compatible
Childhood and Family Life
On a scale from 1 (very unhappy) to 10 (very happy), how would you rate your childhood? Figure 3 Of the 5125 childfree people who responded to the question, 67.06% have a pet or are heavily involved in the care of someone else's pet.
No, I am not sterilised and, for medical, practical or other reasons, I do not need to be
No. However, I've been approved for the procedure and I'm waiting for the date to arrive
No. I am not sterilised and don't want to be
No. I want to be sterilised but I have started looking for a doctorequested the procedure
No. I want to be sterilised but I haven't started looking for a doctorequested the procedure yet
Yes. I am sterilised
Age when starting doctor shopping or addressing issue with doctor. Percentages exclude those who do not want to be sterilised and who have not discussed sterilisation with their doctor.
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 or older
Age at the time of sterilisation. Percentages exclude those who have not and do not want to be sterilised.
18 or younger
19 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 or older
Elapsed time between requesting procedure and undergoing procedure. Percentages exclude those who have not and do not want to be sterilised.
Less than 3 months
Between 3 and 6 months
Between 6 and 9 months
Between 9 and 12 months
Between 12 and 18 months
Between 18 and 24 months
Between 24 and 30 months
Between 30 and 36 months
Between 3 and 5 years
Between 5 and 7 years
More than 7 years
How many doctors refused at first, before finding one who would accept?
None. The first doctor I asked said yes
One. The second doctor I asked said yes
Two. The third doctor I asked said yes
Three. The fourth doctor I asked said yes
Four. The fifth doctor I asked said yes
Five. The sixth doctor I asked said yes
Six. The seventh doctor I asked said yes
Seven. The eighth doctor I asked said yes
Eight. The ninth doctor I asked said yes
I asked more than 10 doctors before finding one who said yes
Primary Reason to Not Have Children
Aversion towards children ("I don't like children")
Current state of the world
Environmental (including overpopulation)
Eugenics ("I have 'bad genes'")
I already raised somebody else who isn't my child
Lack of interest towards parenthood ("I don't want to raise children")
Maybe interested for parenthood, but not suited for parenthood
Medical ("I have a condition that makes conceiving/bearing/birthing children difficult, dangerous or lethal")
Philosophical / Moral (e.g. antinatalism)
Tokophobia (aversion/fear of pregnancy and/or chidlbirth)
95.50% of childfree people are pro-choice, however only 55.93% of childfree people support financial abortion.
I'm a student and my future job/career will heavily makes me interact with children on a daily basis
I'm retired, but I used to have a job that heavily makes me interact with children on a daily basis
I'm unemployed, but I used to have a job that heavily makes me interact with children on a daily basis
No, I do not have a job that makes me heavily interact with children on a daily basis
Yes, I do have a job that heavily makes me interact with children on a daily basis
This section solely existed to sift the childfree from the fencesitters and the non childfree in order to get answers only from the childfree. Childfree, as it is defined in the subreddit, is "I do not have children nor want to have them in any capacity (biological, adopted, fostered, step- or other) at any point in the future." 70.29% of participants actually identify as childfree, slightly up from the 2019 survey, where 68.5% of participants identified as childfree. This is suprising in reflection of the overall reputation of the subreddit across reddit, where the subreddit is often described as an "echo chamber".
The demographics remain largely consistent with the 2019 survey. However, the 2019 survey collected demographic responses from all participants in the survey, removing those who did not identify as childfree when querying subreddit specific questions, while the 2020 survey only collected responses from people who identified as childfree. This must be considered when comparing results. 82.25% of the participants are under 35, compared with 85% of the subreddit in the 2019 survey. A slight downward trend is noted compared over the last two years suggesting the userbase may be getting older on average. 73.04% of the subreddit identify as female, compared with 71.54% in the 2019 survey. Again, when compared with the 2019 survey, this suggests a slight increase in the number of members who identify as female. This is in contrast to the overall membership of Reddit, estimated at 74% male according to Reddit's Wikipedia page [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reddit#Users_and_moderators]. The ratio of members who identify as heterosexual remained consistent, from 54.89% in the 2019 survey to 55.20% in the 2020 survey. Ethnicity wise, 77% of members identified as primarily Caucasian, consistent with the 2019 results. While the ethnicities noted to be missing in the 2019 survey have been included in the 2020 survey, some users noted the difficulty of responding when fitting multiple ethnicities, and this will be addressed in the 2021 survey.
As it did in the 2019 survey, this section highlights the stereotype of childfree people as being well educated. 2.64% of participants did not complete high school, which is a slight decrease from the 2019 survey, where 4% of participants did not graduate high school. However, 6.02% of participants are under 18, compared with 8.22% in the 2019 survey. 55% of participants have a bachelors degree or higher, while an additional 23% have completed "some college or university". At the 2020 survey, the highest percentage of responses under the: What is your degree/major? question fell under "I don't have a degree or a major" (20.12%). Arts and Humanities, and Computer Science have overtaken Health Sciences and Engineering as the two most popular majors. However, the list of majors was pared down to general fields of study rather than highly specific degree majors to account for the significant diversity in majors studied by the childfree community, which may account for the different results.
Career and Finances
The highest percentage of participants at 21.61% listed themselves as trained professionals. One of the stereotypes of the childfree is of wealth. However this is not demonstrated in the survey results. 70.95% of participants earn under $60,000 USD per annum, while 87.85% earn under $90,000 per annum. 21.37% are earning under $15,000 per annum. 1065 participants, or 21.10% chose not to disclose this information. It is possible that this may have skewed the results if a significant proportion of these people were our high income earners, but impossible to explore. A majority of our participants work between 30 and 50 hours per week (75.65%) which is slightly increased from the 2019 survey, where 71.2% of participants worked between 30 and 50 hours per week.
The location responses are largely similar to the 2019 survey with a majority of participants living in a suburban and urban area. 86.24% of participants in the 2020 survey live in urban and suburban regions, with 86.7% of participants living in urban and suburban regions in the 2019 survey. There is likely a multifactorial reason for this, encompassing the younger, educated skew of participants and the easier access to universities and employment, and the fact that a majority of the population worldwide localises to urban centres. There may be an element of increased progressive social viewpoints and identities in urban regions, however this would need to be explored further from a sociological perspective to draw any definitive conclusions. A majority of our participants (57.47%) were born in the USA. The United Kingdom (7.6%), Canada (7.17%), Australia (3.58%) and Germany (2.17%) encompass the next 4 most popular responses. This is largely consistent with the responses in the 2019 survey.
Religion and Spirituality
For the 2020 survey Christianity (the most popular result in 2019) was split into it's major denominations, Catholic, Protestant, Anglican, among others. This appears to be a linguistic/location difference that caused a lot of confusion among some participants. However, Catholicism at 30.76% remained the most popular choice for the religion participants were raised in. However, of our participant's current faith, Aetheism at 36.23% was the most popular choice. A majority of 78.02% listed their current religion as Aetheist, no religious or spiritual beliefs, or Agnostic. A majority of participants (61%) rated religion as "not at all influential" to the childfree choice. This is consistent with the 2019 survey where 62.8% rated religion as "not at all influential". Despite the high percentage of participants who identify as aetheist or agnostic, this does not appear to be related to or have an impact on the childfree choice.
Romantic and Sexual Life
60.19% of our participants are in a relationship at the time of the survey. This is consistent with the 2019 survey, where 60.7% of our participants were in a relationship. A notable proportion of our participants are listed as single and not looking (25.81%) which is consistent with the 2019 survey. Considering the frequent posts seeking dating advice as a childfree person, it is surprising that such a high proportion of the participants are not actively seeking out a relationship. Unsurprisingly 90.13% of our participants would not consider dating someone with children. 84% of participants with partners of some kind have at least one childfree partner. This is consistent with the often irreconcilable element of one party desiring children and the other wishing to abstain from having children.
Childhood and Family Life
Overall, the participants skew towards a happier childhood.
While just under half of our participants wish to be sterilised, 45.21%, only 12.2% have been successful in achieving sterilisation. This is likely due to overarching resistance from the medical profession however other factors such as the logistical elements of surgery and the cost may also contribute. There is a slight increase from the percentage of participants sterilised in the 2019 survey (11.7%). 29.33% of participants do not wish to be or need to be sterilised suggesting a partial element of satisfaction from temporary birth control methods or non-necessity of contraception due to their current lifestyle practices. Participants who indicated that they do not wish to be sterilised or haven't achieved sterilisation were excluded from the percentages where necessary in this section. Of the participants who did achieve sterilisation, a majority began the search between 19 and 29, with the highest proportion being in the 19-24 age group (35.85%) This is a marked increase from the 2019 survey where 27.3% of people who started the search were between 19-24. This may be due to increased education about permanent contraception or possibly due to an increase in instability around world events. The majority of participants who sought out and were successful at achieving sterilisation, were however in the 25-29 age group (37.9%). This is consistent with the 2019 survey results. The time taken between seeking out sterilisation and achieving it continues to increase, with only 50.46% of participants achieving sterilisation in under 3 months. This is a decline from the number of participants who achieved sterilisation in 3 months in the 2019 survey (58.5%). A potential cause of this decrease is to Covid-19 shutdowns in the medical industry leading to an increase in procedure wait times. The proportion of participants who have had one or more doctors refuse to perform the procedure has stayed consistent between the two surveys.
The main reasons for people choosing the childfree lifestyle are a lack of interest towards parenthood and an aversion towards children which is consistent with the 2019 survey. Of the people surveyed 67.06% are pet owners or involved in a pet's care, suggesting that this lack of interest towards parenthood does not necessarily mean a lack of interest in all forms of caretaking. The community skews towards a dislike of children overall which correlates well with the 87.81% of users choosing "no, I do not have, did not use to have and will not have a job that makes me heavily interact with children on a daily basis" in answer to, "do you have a job that heavily makes you interact with children on a daily basis?". This is an increase from the 2019 survey. A vast majority of the subreddit identifes as pro-choice (95.5%), a slight increase from the 2019 results. This is likely due to a high level of concern about bodily autonomy and forced birth/parenthood. However only 55.93% support financial abortion, aka for the non-pregnant person in a relationship to sever all financial and parental ties with a child. This is a marked decrease from the 2019 results, where 70% of participants supported financial abortion. Most of our users realised that did not want children young. 58.72% of participants knew they did not want children by the age of 18, with 95.37% of users realising this by age 30. This correlates well with the age distribution of participants. Despite this early realisation of our childfree stance, 80.59% of participants have been "bingoed" at some stage in their lives.
Participants who identify as childfree were asked about their interaction with and preferences with regards to the subreddit at large. Participants who do not meet our definition of being childfree were excluded from these questions. By and large our participants were lurkers (72.32%). Our participants were divided on their favourite flairs with 38.92% selecting "I have no favourite". The next most favourite flair was "Rant", at 16.35%. Our participants were similarly divided on their least favourite flair, with 63.40% selecting "I have no least favourite". In light of these results the flairs on offer will remain as they have been through 2019. With regards to "lecturing" posts, this is defined as a post which seeks to re-educate the childfree on the practices, attitudes and values of the community, particularly with regards to attitudes towards parenting and children, whether at home or in the community. A commonly used descriptor is "tone policing". A small minority of the survey participants (3.36%) selected "yes" to allowing all lectures, however 33.54% responded "yes" to allowing polite, respectful lectures only. In addition, 45.10% of participants indicated that they were not sure if lectures should be allowed. Due to the ambiguity of responses, lectures will continue to be not allowed and removed. Many of our participants (36.87%) support the use of terms such as breeder, mombie/moo, daddict/duh on the subreddit, with a further 32.63% supporting use of these terms in context of bad parents only. This is a slight drop from the 2019 survey. In response to this use of the above and similar terms to describe parents remains permitted on this subreddit. However, we encourage users to keep the use of these terms to bad parents only. 44.33% of users support the use of terms to describe children such as crotchfruit on the subreddit, a drop from 55.3% last year. A further 25.80% of users supporting the use of this and similar terms in context of bad children only, an increase from 17.42% last year. In response to this use of the above and similar terms to describe children remains permitted on this subreddit. 69.17% of participants answered yes to allowing parents to post, provided they stay respectful. In response to this, parent posts will continue to be allowed on the subreddit. As for regret posts, which were to be revisited in this year's survey, only 9.5% of participants regarded them as their least favourite post. As such they will continue to stay allowed. 64% of participants support under 18's who are childfree participating in the subreddit with a further 19.59% allowing under 18's to post dependent on context. Therefore we will continue to allow under 18's that stay within the overall Reddit age requirement. There was divide among participants as to whether "newbie" questions should be removed. An even spread was noted among participants who selected remove and those who selected to leave them as is. We have therefore decided to leave them as is. 73.80% of users selected "yes, in their own post, with their own "Leisure" flair" to the question, "Should posts about pets, travel, jetskis, etc be allowed on the sub?" Therefore we will continue to allow these posts provided they are appropriately flaired.
Thank you to our participants who contributed to the survey. This has been an unusual and difficult year for many people. Stay safe, and stay childfree.
Settings and Tweaks for increasing (CPU) Performance
Hi Hunters! After upgrading my GPU to a used RTX 2080 TI, I noticed my game being severely bottlenecked by my old and trusty i7 6700k (even when playing 1440p). I noticed this by looking at the detailed performance statistics and the CPU/GPU usage throughout various locations on the map. To optimize this I read through a guide here on reddit by u/MitchDangus (https://www.reddit.com/HuntShowdown/comments/cxldde/a_few_tweaks_to_boost_fps_by_1540_frames/) and I would like to share my findings. Mitch suggested to turn all graphic settings down to the minimum and adjust them later. I personally still want the game to look good, so I tested all the settings individually by looking at their impact on average FPS, CPU/GPU frame times and overall CPU/GPU usage.
Settings to consider
Window Mode: Fullscreen Little difference between windowed, fullscreen windowed und borderless. Had about 2-4 more fps in fullscreen Object Quality: Medium Biggest change in performance, got about 10-15 additional fps when setting from "High" to "Low", cpu usage decreased by about 10 percent. Will have an impact on how far objects will be rendered in high quality. Some objects might only appear when you are < 50 meters away. "Medium" might be a good compromise between quality and performance (5-7 additional fps). Texture Quality: High Small impact on VRAM usage and minimal impact on average fps. No noticable toll on the CPU, should therefore be set to "High" for better quality. Lighting Quality & Shadow Quality: Low These two settings had a noticable impact on GPU usage when set to "High" instead of "Low" (about 25% increase in GPU usage). This might not be noticable while you are being CPU bottlenecked. However, when you reach an area in the game which has less toll on CPU performance, you might now be limited by your GPU. I set both to "Low" because the visual quality was still very good (IMHO). Performance Stats: None or Basic Interestingly, having Performance Stats on "Detailed" reduced my average performance by about 5 fps. Would therefore use detailed statistics only for debugging. V-Sync: Off With V-Sync enabled, my average game performance decreased by about 5 fps. If you are using a G-Sync or FreeSync monitor you should disable V-Sync anyways. Apparently, the last part is outdated advice: https://blurbusters.com/gsync/gsync101-input-lag-tests-and-settings/14/ Thanksu/Duudurhrhdhwsjjd ! All other settings did not have an observable impact on my game's performance. But feel free to experiment. I for myself went into the Trials mode and spawned at Port Reeker (first map, 3rd mission). I chose this sport because there are a lot of structures tightly packed which had a strong impact on my CPU performance. Make sure to find a location with a viewing angle that you can find and reproduce again and again.
Fullscreen Optimizations I also applied Mitch's recommendation to disable fullscreen optimizations and noticed that it did indeed increase my performance by about 10-12 fps. Mitch has a detailed description on how to disable this option. To summarize it quickly: Locate the HuntGame.exe binary in "PATH_TO_STEAM_LIBRARY\steamapps\common\Hunt Showdown\bin\win_x64\HuntGame.exe", right click, "Properties", "Compatibility" and select the checkbox "Disable fullscreen optimizations". Administrator Mode For fun I tried running Hunt in Administrator Mode to see what happens and - I shit you not - increased my average performance by about 20 frames per second! Honestly, I don't know why this increased CPU performance by such a remarkable margin, but it definitely did. Of course there are always security considerations that come to mind when running programs in Administrator Mode. But I for myself don't fear this having any consequences in case of Hunt Showdown. If you want to always run Hunt in Administrator Mode, you can repeat the previous steps and additionally to selecting the checkbox "Disable fullscreen optimizations", also enable the flag for running the program as administrator. Interestingly enough, when running Hunt as Administrator, disabling fullscreen optimizations did not seem to have any further impact on performance. But this might also be because I am now hitting a GPU limit in some cases. Before: CPU usage: 90-95% GPU usage: 65-70% Performance in cpu intensive scene: 123 fps After: CPU usage: 80-85% GPU usage: 80-85% Performance in cpu intensive scene: 160 fps Hope this helps!
The pharmacy 2020 demographics survey results are here! There were 258 respondents this year. Please note that the numbers will not necessarily add up to 100%, since all questions were optional. Sorry in advance for the crappy Excel graphs. Location Most respondents hailed from the US (233; 90.3%), followed by Canada (10; 3.9%), United Kingdom (8; 3.1%), New Zealand (2; 0.8%), and 1 respondent each from Australia, Indonesia, Slovakia, Sweden, and Taiwan. Of the 233 Americans, the top 3 states were California (20; 8.6%), Pennsylvania (18; 7.7%), and Texas (18; 7.7%). The 10 Canadians were from Ontario (5; 50%), British Columbia (2; 20%), Alberta (1; 10%), Nova Scotia (1; 10%), and Quebec (1; 10%). Demographics Of the 258 respondents, 130 (50.4%) identified as female, 123 (47.7%) as male, and 3 (1.2%) as non-binary. Age distribution is shown in the below table. A few statistics: minimum 19, maximum 68, mean 29.0, median 28, mode 26. https://preview.redd.it/qxyxs2sj09c51.png?width=554&format=png&auto=webp&s=202bef88a53fa8596182435590ba9de8eb3646c9 In terms of race/ethnicity, the categories from most to least common were as follows: white (156; 60.5%), Asian (55; 21.3%), 2 or more races (11; 4.3%), black (9; 3.5%), Hispanic or Latino (8; 3.1%), Indian subcontinent (6; 2.3%), Arab (4; 1.6%), Native American or American Indian (2; 0.8%), and Armenian (1; 0.4%). General employment questions Of the 258 respondents, 169 (65.5%) were pharmacists, 55 (21.3%) were pharmacy students, 22 (8.5%) were non-pharmacist staff, and 8 (3.1%) were pre-pharmacy students. There were also 1 each of the following: corporate pharmacy compliance, pharmacy wholesaler, pharmacology student, and other healthcare professional. Most respondents (169; 65.5%) were employed full time (defined as > 30 hours/week), while 19 (7.4%) were employed part time. 49 respondents (19.0%) were full time students (not necessarily in pharmacy), 13 (5.0%) were unemployed, 4 (1.6%) worked outside of the field of pharmacy, 2 (0.8%) were self-employed, 1 (0.4%) was retired, and 1 (0.4%) was consulting/contracting. There was a nearly equal split between respondents working in suburban (99; 38.4%) vs. urban (97; 37.6%) locations, followed by 21 (8.1%) in rural locations and 15 (5.8%) working remotely (apologies - I should have made this question/response more clear, but based on a jump compared to last year's survey, I think people working from home temporarily due to COVID-19 may have chosen this option). A pie chart of primary place of employment is shown below, with the top 7 responses shown in the legend: community/retail (136; 52.7%), hospital including outpatient (48; 18.6%), pharmaceutical industry including CROs (11; 4.3%), mail ordespecialty/home infusion (9; 3.5%), unemployed (8; 3.1%), long-term care/hospice (8; 3.1%), and ambulatory care (5; 1.9%). Please note that the unemployed category includes non-working full time students. https://preview.redd.it/csyipt0hs9c51.png?width=297&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b91337feb634a61730ccfbdd09aa8a0fdda6d7a A small proportion (42; 16.3%) of respondents reported having a second job. Of these, the most common fields of employment were: hospital including outpatient (10; 23.8%), community/retail (8; 19.0%), and self employment/side hustle (7; 16.7%). Salary For the following charts, I only included those working full time. Below is a histogram for full time pharmacist salary worldwide, as well as a table showing some stats for global, US, and ex-US salaries. https://preview.redd.it/n16j31x1v9c51.png?width=447&format=png&auto=webp&s=624581f5b94c917c417ac39da92cf9eb4c77130c
Clinical Research & Development (including Clinical Operations)
Medical Science Liaison
The breakdown by level was as follows: PharmD Fellow (3; 27.3%), Associate/Specialist (6; 54.5%), ManageSupervisor (1; 9.1%), Director (1; 9.1%). Five respondents had completed or were currently completing a fellowship. Four of these 5 provided their salaries during their fellowships, with an average of $50,000. Pharmacy and pre-pharmacy students There were 63 respondents (24.4%) who reported being pharmacy or pre-pharmacy students. Of these, the top 3 desired fields upon graduation were: hospital including residencies (16; 25.4%), undecided (13; 20.6%), and community/retail (11; 17.5%). These 63 students attended (or planned to attend) 45 different schools worldwide. The 5 most common schools reported were as follows: University of Toronto (3; 4.8%), Feik School of Pharmacy (2; 3.2%), Ohio State University (2; 3.2%), Temple University (2; 3.2%), and University of Colorado (2; 3.2%). The breakdown by year was as follows: undergraduate/pre-pharmacy (8; 12.7%), PY1 (4; 6.3%), PY2 (18; 28.6%), PY3 (16; 25.4%), and PY4 (13; 20.6%). Of the 13 PY4 students, 2 reported having a job lined up after graduation, both in community/retail. Most students (45; 71.4%) were working in a pharmacy setting while in school. Stats for the number of hours worked weekly were as follows: minimum 3; maximum 34; mean 15.8; median 15. The most common duties interns were authorized to perform at their jobs were counseling patients (38; 84.4%), administering immunizations (24; 53.3%), and product verification (17; 37.8%). Note that interns could choose more than 1 option. Of the 63 students, 36 (57.1%) reported that they would choose to attend pharmacy school again if they could go back in time, knowing what they know now. Sixteen students (25.4%) reported that they would decide on a different career path, and 5 (7.9%) were unsure. Following pharmacy school, some students were considering pursuing the following degrees (top 3 listed): MPH (6; 9.5%), MD (4; 6.3%), and MBA (3; 4.8%). Results from additional questions are shown in chart form below. https://preview.redd.it/mls7e2139ac51.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=5db3ec80fd6e1934c787941278b7b755ad802a45 https://preview.redd.it/p9p44ifm9ac51.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=faf04b54ed228cc0cf110d06ed27bfd524ba894f https://preview.redd.it/8p7qq205aac51.png?width=464&format=png&auto=webp&s=ae5d53c284cd86ff787498dad58c4d625ae2afb1 Pharmacists There were 169 pharmacists, from 91 different pharmacy schools. The most common alma maters were Rutgers University Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy (RU RAH RAH!!) with 6 respondents (3.6%), University of Pittsburgh with 5 respondents (3.0%), and the following 5 schools with 4 respondents each: Northeastern University, Ohio Northern University, University of Colorado, University of Georgia, and University of Kansas. Most pharmacists (152; 89.9%) were currently practicing pharmacy. Five (3.0%) had practiced in the past but were no longer practicing, and 10 (5.9%) had never practiced after graduating. Of those currently practicing pharmacy, the statistics on the number of years in practice were as follows: minimum 0.1; maximum 35; mean 4.8; and median 3. Nearly half of pharmacists (75; 49.3%) said they would choose a different career path if they could go back in time, knowing what they know now, while 71 pharmacists (46.7%) said they would still choose to pursue pharmacy. Local practice standards About half of pharmacists (84; 55.3%) reported administering (or being allowed to administer) many types of immunizations, while 3 (2.0%) reported that pharmacists were not allowed in their location. A further 63 pharmacists (41.4%) did not administer immunizations simply because it was not part of their job description (eg, hospital inpatient). Regarding therapeutic interchange for non-controlled prescriptions, 63 pharmacists (41.4%) reporting being authorized to update a prescription only after consulting the prescriber. An additional 43 pharmacists (28.3%) were allowed to update a prescription as long as the prescriber was notified afterwards (ie, without prior permission), and 8 pharmacists (5.3%) were allowed per institutional protocol or collaborative practice agreement. Twenty-four pharmacists (15.8%) reported that a new prescription would be required and that no updates by the pharmacist were allowed. For controlled prescriptions, 24 pharmacists (15.8%) reported being allowed to change any/all elements of the prescription following consultation with the prescriber, and 4 pharmacists (2.6%) were allowed per institutional protocol or collaborative practice agreement. Sixty-six pharmacists (43.4%) were allowed to change certain (but not all) elements, while 40 (26.3%) could not change any part of a controlled prescription and required the prescriber to issue a new one. Regarding pharmacist prescribing, most pharmacists (110; 72.4%) were not allowed to prescribe medications. Nineteen pharmacists (12.5%) could prescribe for certain health conditions, 3 (2.0%) could prescribe for any health condition, and 2 (1.3%) could prescribe per institutional protocol or collaborative practice agreement. Results from additional questions are shown in chart form below. https://preview.redd.it/9q4wjmmg3bc51.png?width=281&format=png&auto=webp&s=cf2ec43db13f3fcbe4cb398b1c39808389f54572 https://preview.redd.it/945u7beklac51.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=e74267ca8c2d56dd0c7fc42497df2f0d42f14a3a https://preview.redd.it/yyd7su4tlac51.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=86e12e31c5de3b91a615add5dd28055f881beddc https://preview.redd.it/tk2msh41mac51.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=c091747118370117d3ecf35a8e9bffd54ac02805 https://preview.redd.it/9njkd9vemac51.png?width=346&format=png&auto=webp&s=ffe54bfc9ae206295f7e81685a361357c14a625a https://preview.redd.it/mywjx5nwmac51.png?width=444&format=png&auto=webp&s=1eb695e764c2bf7c1ffbfddd947fc297eed4f8ea Pharmacy residents Of the 169 pharmacists, 31 (18.3%) had completed or were currently completing a pharmacy residency. Of those, there were 6 current PGY-1 residents and 1 current PGY-2 resident. Of the 24 pharmacists who had completed their PGY-1 residencies, most (18; 75%) did rotational programs without a specific focus. The remaining 6 pharmacists specialized in the following areas during their PGY-1: ambulatory care (2; 8.3%), community pharmacy (1; 4.2%), managed care (1; 4.2%), pediatrics (1; 4.2%), and pharmacotherapy (1; 4.2%). Stats on their PGY-1 salaries were as follows: minimum $33,000; maximum $60,000; mean $44,325; median $45,000. These PGY-1 residencies were done primarily in an urban setting (18; 75%), followed by suburban (3; 12.5%) and rural (2; 8.3%). Of the 11 pharmacists who had completed their PGY-2 residencies, the specialties included: ambulatory care (3; 27.3%), psychiatry (2; 18.2%), and 1 each of administration, critical care, emergency medicine, infectious disease, oncology, and pharmacotherapy (9.1% each). Stats on their PGY-2 salaries were as follows: minimum $35,000; maximum $51,000; mean $45,625; median $46,500. These PGY-2 residencies were done almost equally in urban (6; 54.5%) and suburban (5; 45.5%) settings. The 6 current PGY-1 residents had the following plans immediately following their PGY-1: inpatient staff pharmacist (2; 33.3%), PGY-2 residency (2; 33.3%), inpatient clinical specialty pharmacist (1; 16.7%), and non-practicing pharmacist (1; 16.7%). Of those who had completed their residencies, their roles immediately afterward are listed in the table below.
Number of Respondents
Inpatient staff pharmacist
Inpatient clinical specialty pharmacist
Ambulatory care pharmacist
Outpatient pharmacist (eg, retail, mail order, long term care)
Stopped practicing but remained in the field of pharmacy (eg, industry)
Drug information pharmacist
Pharmacy organizations This question was directed toward American respondents. There were 96 respondents who reported being currently active members of an association, the most common of which were ASHP (39; 40.6%), APhA (38; 39.6%), and a local/state pharmacy association (29; 30.2%). There were 35 respondents who reported previously being members of an association, the most common of which were APhA (25; 71.4%), ASHP (15; 42.9%), and a local/state pharmacy association (13; 37.1%). Final comments Thanks again to everyone who took the survey, and especially those who provided feedback! I totally acknowledge that the survey is very US-centric, and for that I apologize. I did take some feedback from some people in this subreddit, but if anyone ex-US wants to provide feedback for any future surveys, I'm happy to speak with you offline about it. The same also goes for anyone in a "niche" field such as long-term care, ambulatory care, managed care, etc. I'm happy to add in new sections or questions for those fields - it's just that I have no idea what to ask, having no experience in those areas. There are probably a few questions whose answers aren't reflected here mainly because this is long enough already, but if you have any questions (eg, what's the average salary for a hospital pharmacist in a suburban area?), please feel free to ask! Thanks again!
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Wells and Ralph Ellison: Need the Effect of One Invisible Man on Another Be Itself Invisible?"(self) 2 [Book] Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice for Design 30th Edition(self) 1 [Book] Disk recording. Vol. 1-2. An anthology of articles on disk recording from the pages of the Journal of the Audio engineering society Vol. 1-Vol. 28 (1953-1980). 1(self) 1 [Book] Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations by David Frisby(self) 1 [Book] Art and the Senses | Edited by Francesca Bacci and David Melcher(self) 1 [eBook] Mastering A&P with Pearson eText(self) 1 [Book] Emotionen: Eine Einführung für beratende, therapeutische, pädagogische und soziale Berufe(self) 3 [article] Conceptualizing Behavior Disorders in Terms of Resistance to Intervention(self) 1 [ARTICLE] 'Hegel, Hinduism, and Freedom', Merold Westphal, The Owl of Minerva, Volume 20, Issue 2, Spring 1989, Pages 193-204(self) 1 [Book] Machine Learning in Chemistry(self) 1 [Book] Youth and media(self) 7 1 [Article] The Beneficial Effect of Physical Exercise on Inflammatory Makers in Older Individuals Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2020 Jun 6. Pablo Gómez-Rubio, Isabel Trapero(self) 2 [Article] On the Determination of the Number, Size, Spacing, and Volume Fraction of Spherical Second-Phase Particles from Extraction Replicas(self) 5 [Book] Remington and Klein's Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant 8th Edition by Christopher Wilson Victor Nizet Yvonne Maldonado Jack Remington Jerome Klein(self) 1 [Other] (Monthly Newspaper in France) Le Monde Diplomatique (English Edition) June 2020.(self) 1 [Other] (Monthly Newspaper in France) Le Monde Diplomatique (English Edition) May 2020.(self) 1 [BOOK] Crime and Markets - Vincenzo Ruggiero(self) 2 [Book] The Search for Meaning by Dennis Ford(self) 1 [Book] The Acts of Jesus: What Did Jesus Really Do?(self) 1 [Chapter] Gustav Mahler, the Wunderhorn years: chronicles and commentaries Vol. 2 -- pp. 408-410(self) 4 [Article] [Heinonline] 2 old Articles from the African Journal of International and Comparative Law(self) 4 [ARTICLE] 'Ways of Prediction, Ways of Rhetoric' Philippe-Joseph Salazar, Philosophy & Rhetoric Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017), pp. 390-408(self) 1 [Article] [Needs Digitizing] Wells, J. C. (1986). A standardized machine-readable phonetic notation. In Conference Publication No. 258. International Conference on Speech Input / Output; Techniques and Applications, 24–26 March 1986. London: Institute of Electrical Engineers, 134–137.(self) 4 [Book] (BRILL) Indian Diaspora: Voices of the Diasporic Elders in Five Countries(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Hegel, freedom, and modernity' by Merold Westphal, 1992(self) 1 [Supplement] Panza MJ, Graupensperger S, Agans JP, Doré I, Vella SA, Evans MB. Adolescent sport participation and symptoms of anxiety and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of sport and exercise psychology. 2020 May 21;42(3):201-18.(self) 2 [Article] Cooley at al. (2019). Complex intersections of race and class: Among social liberals, learning about White privilege reduces sympathy, increases blame, and decreases external attributions for White people struggling with poverty(self) 4 [Book] [Brill] Resolving Conflicts in the Law : Essays in Honour of Lea Brilmayer(self) 1 [Book] Master Medicine: General and Systematic Pathology 3rd Edition(self) 4 [book] Islamic Societies to the Nineteenth Century - A Global History by Ira M. Lapidus(self) 4 [Article] [Heinonline] Conflicts between the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and the International Court of Justice by Tullio Treves(self) 3 [Book] Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Wrestling with Archons: Gnosticism as a Critical Theory of Culture' by JONATHAN CAHANA-BLUM, 2018(self) 1 [Other] XXI Century | Bullfrog Films(self) 4 [BOOK] The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI(self) 4 [Book] Figures of Southeast Asian Modernity (JSTOR) by Barker, Harms, & Linduiqst(self) 7 [Book] Health Informatics: An Interprofessional Approach, 2nd Edition(self) 2 [Article] Rapport and friendship in ethnographic research(self) 4 [BOOK] 'Žižek on race: Toward an Anti-Racist Future' by Zahi Zalloua, Bloomsbury, 2020(self) 3 [BOOK] Classical Antiquity in Video Games by Christian Rollinger(self) 1 [Thesis] Sandro, Paolo - Creation and application of law: a neglected distinction. ERA - Edinburgh(self) 3 [Article] belated: interruption(self) 4 [Article] Reusable and Recyclable Graphene Masks with Outstanding Superhydrophobic and Photothermal Performances(self) 8 [Article] Randomized Algorithms in Number Theory(self) 4 [Book] The Routledge Companion to Digital Humanities and Art History(self) 5 [Article] Regulatory cell therapy in kidney transplantation (The ONE Study): a harmonised design and analysis of seven non-randomised, single-arm, phase 1/2A trials by Sawitzki et al.(self) 0 1 [Book] Asian Freedoms: The Idea of Freedom in East and Southeast Asia (Cambridge), eds. David Kelly & Anthony Reid(self) 2 [Article] Local Mitochondrial ATP Production Regulates Endothelial Fatty Acid Uptake and Transport, by A. Ibrahim N. Yucel B. Kim Z. Arany(self) 4 [Chapter] Modeling Liquid–Liquid Extraction for Critical Elements Separations: An overview, (Chukwunwike O. Iloeje, 2020).(self) 6 [Article] Electrical stimulation in white oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) production, by I. Roshita, K. M. P. Nurfazira, C. Shi Fern, and M. S. Nur Ain(self) 1 [Book] Screen Adaptation: Impure Cinema by Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan(self) 4 [Book] Earth’s Insights (Callicott 1997)(self) 1 [Book] Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures 2017(self) 2 [BOOK] Needed: A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the Hebrew language for readers of English(self) 1 [Book] Hydrothermal chemistry of zeolites(self) 5 [Chapter] 2 chapters from A History of the United States Author: Philip Jenkins 3. Expansion and Crisis, 1825–65 6. Expansion and Crisis, 1825–65(self) 4 [Chapter] 8. The Fall of Actually Existing Socialism Authors: Prof. Geoffrey Swain, Dr. Nigel Swain(self) 5 [article] Sci-Hub didn't work for this article so I hope someone could help me !(self) 4 [Book] Evil Men, James Dawes(self) 1 [Chapter] from the book The Versailles Settlement Peacemaking after the First World War, 1919-1923 by Alan Sharp chapter 2. The Paris Peace Conference chapter 3. The League of Nations(self) 2 [Book] Macroeconomics(self) 1 [Article] "Eleutherna, the Orthi Petra Necropolis: Slewn by the Iron" by Nicholas Chr. Stampolidis.(self) 3 [Book] Contemporary Linguistics(self) 4 [Article](http://www.eurekaselect.com/137993/article)(self) 1 [Article](http://www.eurekaselect.com/137993/article)(self) 3 [Book] Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry(self) 1 [BOOK] Mastering Chemistry eBook(self) 3 [Book] The Oxford Handbook of Sovereign Wealth Funds(self) 1 [Book] "Marx, Marxism and Utopia" by Darren Webb (2000)(self) 5 [Article] "Law and Society", by Joachim J. Savelsberg, Lara L. Cleveland, in Oxford Bibliographies in Sociology(self) 2 [BOOK] Encouraging Pro-Environmental Behaviour - What Works, What Doesn't, and Why (2019)(self) 1 [BOOK] ''Guide for the economic design of circular metal silos'' by J.M. Rotter(self) 3 [BooK](JSTOR) The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique by Kim Sterelny(self) 13 [Article] Matthews, Graham 2020 Pandemic, recession...: Capitalism is a Sick System. Green Left Weekly 1257, 2020.(self) 1 [BOOK]A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the Hebrew language for readers of English(self) 1 [Article] Sound Levels in Nursing Homes by Laura L. Joosse(self) 1 [Book] China Upside Down: Currency, Society, and Ideologies, 1808–1856 by Man-houng Lin(self) 3 [Book] The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda (2019)(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Lacan and Religion', by Aron Dunlap, Routledge, 2016(self) 2 [Book] Making It in the Market: Richard Ney's Low-Risk System for Stock Market Investors(self) 1 [Book] Comprendre les langues romanes(self) 1 [book] Derecho romano clásico, Betancourt(self) 6 [Book] The Oxford Handbook of Information Structure (2016)(self) 1 [book] pls help me find Physiotherapy in mental health and psychiatry(self) 4 [Article] Denationalization by Sir John Fischer Williams(self) 1 [BOOK] Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences - A Model-Based Approach (David B. Flora)(self) 1 [ARTICLE] Care as a Political Concept by Joan C. Tronto(self) 1 [Chapter] Agnieszka Uberman "English and Polish figurative language employing components of the frame of death" Cognitive Linguistics in the Year 2017. Peter Lang(self) 1 [book] Petroleum Contracts and International Law by Rudolf Dolzer(self) 1 [Book] A Short History of Persian Literature At the Bahmanī, the ‘Ādilshāhī and the Qutbshāhī Courts – Deccan(self) 4 [Book] A Japanese Advertising Agency: An Anthropology of Media and Markets (Routledge) by Brian Moeran(self) 1 [Book] The Way of Synthesis: Evolution of Design and Methods for Natural Products(self) 1 [book] ما في القرآن الكريم - دراسة نحوية(self) 6 [Book] (JSTOR) First Peoples in a New World: Colonizing Ice Age America by David J. Meltzer(self)
MGE XE (Install in the same folder as above. Run the Distant land generator wizard anytime you change any landscape mods. Grass, textures, trees doesn’t matter run it everytime. Under the graphics tab click the checkbox labeled ‘Enable Shaders.’ Click the shader setup button and enable depth of field. Lastly set your display to the proper size of your monitor no smaller and put in your correct aspect ratio. https://github.com/ModOrganizer2/modorganizewiki/Executables-window This is the executables window click on it click edit and add MGE XE by click on Binary and locate MGEXEgui.exe. Name it MGE XE click ok. Now you can run MGE XE through MO2. Only run it this way now, same with the game.)
Aesthesia Groundcover – Grass Mod (Ok download the main file. Extract it to your desktop. Open the folder. Delete the files that have TR in the title. Open the ‘Grass Vanilla’ folder. Move the plug-ins to the main folder that has the meshes and textures. Open the ‘Grass generator config’ folder. Open up the folder ‘Aesthesia grass full 2 parts.’ Move the contents to the main folder you just put the plugins. Now delete the folders that aren’t meshes or textures. Make a new folder named Data. Place everything including the meshes and textures folders into the Data folder. Now back out of all the files and right click the modified plugin. Add to archive. Install to MO2. Do not enable the grass plug-ins in MO2. Instead use your distant land generator wizard in MGE XE and enable the plug-ins in there. Then run the generator.)
This time last week, we put out a subreddit survey to gather demographic info and solicit opinions on the current state of Rule 8 (low-effort content) and Rule 9 (non-original fanart). In 7 days, the survey got 1,558 responses, which is a whopping 0.77% of our 203,000 subscribers. We didn't expect to get anywhere close to full participation, given that a bunch of those subscribers are probably no longer active, and more still just view /FireEmblem through their own front page and so they were never going to see the survey in the first place. Effectively, each response to the survey is "representing" 130 people. While perusing these results, it's important to keep in mind that this survey expresses the opinion of respondents to the survey, not necessarily our subscriber base at large. That said, we are still going to look to its results in informing our policies. Here are the results.
Okay, disclaimer, I bungled things up here with regard to TMS♯FE. It was only brought to my attention that I forgot to include it as an option after 490 responses were already submitted. As such, I'll list the actual percentages for it in the remaining thousand or so responses below. Here's a graph of which FE games respondents have PLAYED, but not necessarily beaten. TMS♯FE's real percentage is around 11%. Unsurprisingly, nearly all respondents have tried out Three Houses, and then Awakening follows it up. The very first FE game, Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light, is also unsurprisingly the least-played game. The graph for which FE games respondents have BEATEN turns out similarly. TMS's actual percentage is around 7%. Unsurprisingly, the NES games also have the highest discrepancy between playing a game and beating it – less than 50% of people who've tried FE1 or FE2 have actually beaten them. If you flip between the two graphs, you'll see that the only game that changes position between them is FE11 - more respondents have beaten Radiant Dawn than Shadow Dragon despite the fact that Shadow Dragon is slightly more-played. What were respondents' FIRST FE games, and which is their FAVOURITE? Because the visuals are unhelpful, here's a chart of the responses. I think Reddit formatting should let you sort the columns by frequency if you click the headings.
*Again, TMS got screwed, so multiply its responses by 1.5 to get an estimate of what it should've gotten. Contrary to what one might expect, Awakening still dominates the first-game category for our respondents, followed by the localized GBA titles, and only then does Three Houses show up. If Fates's three versions are combined, it ends up right below Three Houses and right above Path of Radiance. This might be tied into our underrepresentation of new subscribers – presumably a lot of them started with Three Houses. Meanwhile, Three Houses certainly dominates the favourite-game category, with nearly half of respondents saying it's their #1. Either the game is well-loved, or recency bias is a big thing. Or both. Radiant Dawn has to settle for a distant second place, followed by Awakening and Path of Radiance, all in single digit percentages. Unsurprisingly, Three Houses also takes the crown for the highest favourite/played ratio – 49.7% of people who've played Three Houses listed it as their favourite game, far higher than any other game. Don't let the colours of this graph fool you - one-third of respondents sided with the Blue Lions first, while more than a third chose Black Eagles and less than a third chose Golden Deer.
Rule 9 concerns fanart. It states that fanart can only be posted by its original artist, or someone who paid the artist to create it and who is posting it with permission. As such, we remove any "found fanart". I've documented our reasons for Rule 9 in the survey post, so please refer to that if you have questions about why it exists. First off, how do respondents feel about the current amount of fanart on the sub? Well… they feel… differently. We polled this using a sliding scale from 1 to 5, where 1 means "I want way more fanart on the sub", 5 means "I want way less fanart on the sub", 3 means the current amount is okay, and 2 and 4 represent their respective extremes, but, like, less extreme. As you can see, the sub is undoubtedly divided on this, but to our pleasant surprise, a plurality of respondents indicated that they don't want more or less. Nearly half of respondents chose 3, while the remaining 50% were divided almost equally between wanting more or less. Hooray for no-win situations. That in itself, however, wouldn't be enough to justify not touching Rule 9, so we asked about it specifically. Nearly three-quarters of respondents are fine with the current Rule 9. Most of the rest want it to be relaxed. A small percentage want us to ban fanart entirely. An (undocumented) amount presumably would be happy if we confined all fanart to a single day of the week or some other measure to cut down on art without outright banning it. We aren't considering that as a course of action, which is why it wasn't included on the poll. We also asked if users would be open to having a single day of the week where non-OC fanart could be posted (properly-sourced, obviously). Almost immediately after putting this question up, we realized that this would probably be a bad idea, and so we're glad that the response was rather lukewarm. A 45/55 split might not sound like it's definitive, but having given it some thought, it's nowhere near the result we would need to justify actually putting that plan into action. We also included a section for free-form feedback on Rule 9. At the bottom of this post I'll include a link to an anonymized spreadsheet containing all the free-form responses we got for each question like that. Given what you're about to see next in the Rule 8 section (hoo boy), we're going to go ahead and consider a 75% vote in favour of keeping Rule 9 the same a wild endorsement of our preferred course of action, which is this: Going forward, Rule 9 will be unchanged.
Rule 8 concerns low-effort content, including unedited screenshots, pictures of merch/game boxes, and memes. After Three Houses released, we started enforcing Rule 8 so strictly that memes as a whole were effectively banned. On this survey, we polled each component of Rule 8 separately to see if respondents thought they should be allowed on the sub. Should unedited screenshots of dialogue be allowed? A little over 50% of respondents said no. There isn't sufficient support here for us to reconsider our stance on this one. I want to be clear here in saying that we're not looking for majority rule necessarily – our decision would be the same if the numbers were flipped and slightly more than 50% of respondents said yes instead. Should unedited screenshots of gameplay be allowed? Here there was less of a split. Around 60% of respondents said yes. According to the free-form results (again, linked at the bottom of the post), we get the impression that some people would like gameplay screenshots to be allowed if they show something interesting, instead of just, you know, a shot of a maxed-out Ike or getting a 1% crit. If that was our policy, we'd then have to judge those posts based not on effort, but how noteworthy and radical they were. While I personally am not super opposed to a coolness-based moderating system, we'd prefer that gameplay stuff be confined to the Everyone Plays Fire Emblem thread or shared via self-posts rather than reversing our stance on screenshots. (Of course, EPFE has ironically been temporarily suspended to make room for these survey posts, but that's a separate problem.) 60% support isn't overwhelming enough for us to reconsider this part of the rule. Should merch posts or pictures of game boxes be allowed, keeping in mind that "collection" posts are already allowed and would continue to be? Around 70% said no, so this is clearly the part of the rule that we're going to get yelled at about the least. And then we arrive at the big one – memes. Three options here, as well as a free-form "Other" option that… I'm not really sure why we included when we had a separate free-form section right after. Whoops. Anyway, around 20% of respondents are fine with the current anti-meme Rule 8, another 20% want all memes to be allowed, and the remaining 60% would prefer a discretion-based system where we only remove memes that are truly "low-effort". Herein lies the rub: even the people who answered that question the same have different views about what makes something low-effort. If we do end up going back to the discretion-based system, we either have to somehow nail down a solid definition for what makes something removable, or else deal with posts on a case-by-case basis. The possible problems with a discretionary system encouraged us to include a separate option on the survey. We asked respondents whether they would be supportive of a system where memes were restricted to a single day of the week. This was independent of their answer to the previous question, so if someone voted "no", they could have meant "no, I want memes every day" or "no, I don't memes at all". At least one respondent said that this binary choice indicated a lack of integrity of the mod team, that it was emblematic of the fact that we had already decided to ban memes before even making the poll, and that we should repoll the question. Given that we already covered that distinction in the previous question, it wasn't really relevant for the purposes of this question. All this question asked was whether you would support a meme day, because frankly, we just wanted to know to what extent such an arrangement would piss people off, not why. Slightly over two-thirds of respondents indicated that they would be okay with a meme day system. This leaves the mod team with two viable options – either we return to a discretionary system where some memes live and some die, or we cut the knot and allow most memes, save for those that violate Rule 1, on a single day of the week. We have not yet decided which approach we prefer – admittedly, the team is split. We wanted to get these results to you as soon as possible, though, in advance of having actually made a decision. One thing is clear, though: with only 20% of respondents happy with the current state of Rule 8, we can't just leave things as they are. A factor that is going to colour our decision is, again, how divided the sub is on this issue. A lot of the free-form responses (which, to be fair, make up a relatively small percentage of the sub) expressed that the curbing of low-effort content is a big reason some people enjoy the sub. Meanwhile, other responses indicated that banning memes has killed the sub. To an extent, we can't win. If we return to a discretionary system, some people are going to hate that some memes are still banned, and some people are going to be upset that memes are allowed again at all. If we go with a meme day instead, some people are going to be upset that we half-assed it, and others are going to find the sub unusable on that day of the week. We can't please everyone. We have to go with whatever is more practical. We're currently hashing this out. In summary: Screenshots and merch posts will remain banned. Rule 8 will be loosened with regard to memes in a manner to be determined.
Free-form responses and general feedback
We included a question about how good the mod team is doing in general. Stop it, you guys, we're blushing. Finally, we included free-form response sections on the following topics, with the following response rates:
Any thoughts on Rule 8?
Any thoughts on Rule 9?
Any other rules that should be modified?
Any general feedback?
These responses contained some really good thoughts. For transparency, here is a Google doc containing all of the responses, with each column alphabetized for anonymity, and I do mean all of the responses, including the handful that I would have preferred to remove because they contained personal call-outs. I did take the liberty of censoring the responses we got that were just the n-word. The main thing to take away from these responses is that y'all can't agree on anything. As you can see, depending on the question, these free-form questions got between 93 and 248 responses, so they make up a smaller subset of our already-small sample size, so while they do represent important viewpoints of our subscribers, take them with a tiny grain of salt. Oh, right, which mod would win in a fight. That was also a question. Well, first of all, we're all winners because we get to serve this wonderful community. That said:
I'd like to thank the Academy for awarding me a single vote less than the people who cared so little about this that they didn't even bother to pick the "I don't care" answer. Benefits of stealing the "post every announcement thread" job.
Security control has always been a crucial link of orchestration; data masking falls into this category. For both Internet enterprises and traditional sectors, data security has always been a highly valued and sensitive topic. Data masking refers to transforming some sensitive information through masking rules to safely protect the private data. Data involves client's security or business sensibility, such as ID number, phone number, card number, client number and other personal information, requires data masking according to relevant regulations. Because of that, ShardingSphere has provided data masking, which stores users' sensitive information in the database after encryption. When users search for them, the information will be decrypted and returned to users in the original form. ShardingSphere has made the encryption and decryption processes totally transparent to users, who can store desensitized data and acquire original data without any awareness. In addition, ShardingSphere has provided internal masking algorithms, which can be directly used by users. In the same time, we have also provided masking algorithm related interfaces, which can be implemented by users themselves. After simple configurations, ShardingSphere can use algorithms provided by users to perform encryption, decryption and masking.
Apache ShardingSphere is an ecosystem of open source distributed database middleware solutions. It consists of Sharding-JDBC, Sharding-Proxy, and Sharding-Sidecar (in planning) which are independent of each other, but can be used in mixed deployment. All of these can provide standardized data sharding, distributed transactions, and distributed governance functions, and can be applied to various situation such as Java homogeneous, heterogeneous languages, containers, cloud native, and so on. The data encryption module belongs to the sub-function module under the core function of ShardingSphere distributed governance. It parses the SQL input by the user and rewrites the SQL according to the encryption configuration provided by the user, thereby encrypting the original data and storing the original data and store the original data (optional) and cipher data to database at the same time. When the user queries the data, it takes the cipher data from the database and decrypts it, and finally returns the decrypted original data to the user. Apache ShardingSphere distributed database middleware automates and transparentizes the process of data encryption, so that users do not need to pay attention to the details of data decryption and use decrypted data like ordinary data. In addition, ShardingSphere can provide a relatively complete set of solutions for the encryption of online services or the encryption function of new services.
The demand for data encryption is generally divided into two situations in real business scenarios:
When the new business start to launch, and the security department stipulates that the sensitive information related to users, such as banks and mobile phone numbers, should be encrypted and stored in the database, and then decrypted when used. Because it is a brand new system, there is no inventory data cleaning problem, so the implementation is relatively simple.
For the service has been launched, and plaintext has been stored in the database before. The relevant department suddenly needs to encrypt the data from the on-line business. This scenario generally needs to deal with three issues as followings: a) How to encrypt the historical data, a.k.a.s clean data. b) How to encrypt the newly added data and store it in the database without changing the business SQL and logic; then decrypt the taken out data when use it. c) How to securely, seamlessly and transparently migrate plaintext and ciphertext data between business systems
Encrypt-JDBC provided by ShardingSphere are deployed with business codes. Business parties need to perform JDBC programming for Encrypt-JDBC. Since Encrypt-JDBC implements all JDBC standard interfaces, business codes can be used without additional modification. At this time, Encrypt-JDBC is responsible for all interactions between the business code and the database. Business only needs to provide encryption rules. ** As a bridge between the business code and the underlying database, Encrypt-JDBC can intercept user behavior and interact with the database after transforming the user behavior. ** !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/1_en.png) Encrypt-JDBC intercepts SQL initiated by user, analyzes and understands SQL behavior through the SQL syntax parser.According to the encryption rules passed by the user, find out the fields that need to be encrypted/decrypt and the encryptodecryptor used to encrypt/decrypt the target fields, and then interact with the underlying database.ShardingSphere will encrypt the plaintext requested by the user and store it in the underlying database; and when the user queries, the ciphertext will be taken out of the database for decryption and returned to the end user.ShardingSphere shields the encryption of data, so that users do not need to perceive the process of parsing SQL, data encryption, and data decryption, just like using ordinary data.
Before explaining the whole process in detail, we need to understand the encryption rules and configuration, which is the basis of understanding the whole process. The encryption configuration is mainly divided into four parts: data source configuration, encryptor configuration, encryption table configuration, and query attribute configuration. The details are shown in the following figure: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/2_en.png) Datasource Configuration：The configuration of DataSource. Encryptor Configuration：What kind of encryption strategy to use for encryption and decryption. Currently ShardingSphere has two built-in encryption/decryption strategies: AES / MD5. Users can also implement a set of encryption/decryption algorithms by implementing the interface provided by ShardingSphere. Encryption Table Configuration：Show the ShardingSphere data table which column is used to store cipher column data (cipherColumn), which column is used to store plain text data (plainColumn), and which column users want to use for SQL writing (logicColumn)
How to understand Which column do users want to use to write SQL (logicColumn)? We can understand according to the meaning of Encrypt-JDBC. The ultimate goal of Encrypt-JDBC is to shield the encryption of the underlying data, that is, we do not want users to know how the data is encrypted/decrypted, how to store plaintext data in plainColumn, and ciphertext data in cipherColumn. In other words, we do not even want users to know the existence and use of plainColumn and cipherColumn. Therefore, we need to provide users with a column in conceptual. This column can be separated from the real column of the underlying database. It can be a real column in the database table or not, so that the user can freely change the plainColumn and The column name of cipherColumn. Or delete plainColumn and choose to never store plain text and only store cipher text. As long as the user's SQL is written according to this logical column, and the correct mapping relationship between logicColumn and plainColumn, cipherColumn is given in the encryption rule. Why do you do this? The answer is at the end of the article, that is, to enable the online services to seamlessly, transparently, and safely carry out data encryption migration.
Query Attribute configuration：When the plaintext data and ciphertext data are stored in the underlying database table at the same time, this attribute switch is used to decide whether to directly query the plaintext data in the database table to return, or to query the ciphertext data and decrypt it through Encrypt-JDBC to return.
For example, if there is a table in the database called t_user, there are actually two fields pwd_plain in this table, used to store plain text data, pwd_cipher, used to store cipher text data, and define logicColumn as pwd. Then, when writing SQL, users should write to logicColumn, that is, INSERT INTO t_user SET pwd = '123'. ShardingSphere receives the SQL, and through the encryption configuration provided by the user, finds that pwd is a logicColumn, so it decrypt the logical column and its corresponding plaintext data. As can be seen that ** ShardingSphere has carried out the column-sensitive and data-sensitive mapping conversion of the logical column facing the user and the plaintext and ciphertext columns facing the underlying database. **As shown below: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/3_en.png) ** This is also the core meaning of Encrypt-JDBC, which is to separate user SQL from the underlying data table structure according to the encryption rules provided by the user, so that the SQL writter by user no longer depends on the actual database table structure. The connection, mapping, and conversion between the user and the underlying database are handled by ShardingSphere. ** Why should we do this? It is still the same : in order to enable the online business to seamlessly, transparently and safely perform data encryption migration. In order to make the reader more clearly understand the core processing flow of Encrypt-JDBC, the following picture shows the processing flow and conversion logic when using Encrypt-JDBC to add, delete, modify and check, as shown in the following figure. !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/4_en.png)
After understanding the ShardingSphere encryption process, you can combine the encryption configuration and encryption process with the actual scenario. All design and development are to solve the problems encountered in business scenarios. So for the business scenario requirements mentioned earlier, how should ShardingSphere be used to achieve business requirements?
Business scenario analysis: The newly launched business is relatively simple because everything starts from scratch and there is no historical data cleaning problem. Solution description: After selecting the appropriate encryptor, such as AES, you only need to configure the logical column (write SQL for users) and the ciphertext column (the data table stores the ciphertext data). It can also be different **. The recommended configuration is as follows (shown in Yaml format): yaml encryptRule: encryptors: aes_encryptor: type: aes props: aes.key.value: 123456abc tables: t_user: columns: pwd: cipherColumn: pwd encryptor: aes_encryptor With this configuration, Encrypt-JDBC only needs to convert logicColumn and cipherColumn. The underlying data table does not store plain text, only cipher text. This is also a requirement of the security audit part. If users want to store plain text and cipher text together in the database, they just need to add plainColumn configuration. The overall processing flow is shown below: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/5_en.png)
Online Business Transformation
Business scenario analysis: As the business is already running online, there must be a large amount of plain text historical data stored in the database. The current challenges are how to enable historical data to be encrypted and cleaned, how to enable incremental data to be encrypted, and how to allow businesses to seamlessly and transparently migrate between the old and new data systems. Solution description: Before providing a solution, let ’s brainstorm: First, if the old business needs to be desensitized, it must have stored very important and sensitive information. This information has a high gold content and the business is relatively important. If it is broken, the whole team KPI is over. Therefore, it is impossible to suspend business immediately, prohibit writing of new data, encrypt and clean all historical data with an encrypter, and then deploy the previously reconstructed code online, so that it can encrypt and decrypt online and incremental data. Such a simple and rough way, based on historical experience, will definitely not work. Then another relatively safe approach is to rebuild a pre-release environment exactly like the production environment, and then encrypt the ** Inventory plaintext data ** of the production environment through the relevant migration and washing tools and store it in the pre-release environment. The ** Increment data ** is encrypted by tools such as MySQL master-slave replication and the business party ’s own development, encrypted and stored in the database of the pre-release environment, and then the refactored code can be deployed to the pre-release environment. In this way, the production environment is a set of environment for ** modified/queries with plain text as the core *; the pre-release environment is a set of * encrypt/decrypt queries modified with ciphertext as the core **. After comparing for a period of time, the production flow can be cut into the pre-release environment at night. This solution is relatively safe and reliable, but it takes more time, manpower, capital, and costs. It mainly includes: pre-release environment construction, production code rectification, and related auxiliary tool development. Unless there is no way to go, business developers generally go from getting started to giving up. Business developers must hope: reduce the burden of capital costs, do not modify the business code, and be able to safely and smoothly migrate the system. So, the encryption function module of ShardingSphere was born. It can be divided into three steps:
Before system migration Assuming that the system needs to encrypt the pwd field of t_user, the business side uses Encrypt-JDBC to replace the standardized JDBC interface, which basically requires no additional modification (we also provide SpringBoot, SpringNameSpace, Yaml and other access methods to achieve different services demand). In addition, demonstrate a set of encryption configuration rules, as follows: yaml encryptRule: encryptors: aes_encryptor: type: aes props: aes.key.value: 123456abc tables: t_user: columns: pwd: plainColumn: pwd cipherColumn: pwd_cipher encryptor: aes_encryptor props: query.with.cipher.column: false According to the above encryption rules, we need to add a column called pwd_cipher in the t_user table, that is, cipherColumn, which is used to store ciphertext data. At the same time, we set plainColumn to pwd, which is used to store plaintext data, and logicColumn is also set to pwd . Because the previous SQL was written using pwd, that is, the SQL was written for logical columns, so the business code did not need to be changed. Through Encrypt-JDBC, for the incremental data, the plain text will be written to the pwd column, and the plain text will be encrypted and stored in the pwd_cipher column. At this time, because query.with.cipher.column is set to false, for business applications, the plain text column of pwd is still used for query storage, but the cipher text data of the new data is additionally stored on the underlying database table pwd_cipher. The processing flow is shown below: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/6_en.png) When the newly added data is inserted, it is encrypted as ciphertext data through Encrypt-JDBC and stored in the cipherColumn. Now it is necessary to process historical plaintext inventory data. ** As Apache ShardingSphere currently does not provide the corresponding migration and washing tools, the business party needs to encrypt and store the plain text data in pwd to pwd_cipher. **
During system migration The incremental data has been stored by Encrypt-JDBC in the ciphertext column and the plaintext is stored in the plaintext column; after the historical data is encrypted and cleaned by the business party itself, the ciphertext is also stored in the ciphertext column. That is to say, the plaintext and the ciphertext are stored in the current database. Since the query.with.cipher.column = false in the configuration item, the ciphertext has never been used. Now we need to set the query.with.cipher.column in the encryption configuration to true in order for the system to cut the ciphertext data for query. After restarting the system, we found that the system business is normal, but Encrypt-JDBC has started to extract the ciphertext data from the database, decrypt it and return it to the user; and for the user's insert, delete and update requirements, the original data will still be stored The plaintext column, the encrypted ciphertext data is stored in the ciphertext column. Although the business system extracts the data in the ciphertext column and returns it after decryption; however, it will still save a copy of the original data to the plaintext column during storage. Why? The answer is: in order to be able to roll back the system. ** Because as long as the ciphertext and plaintext always exist at the same time, we can freely switch the business query to cipherColumn or plainColumn through the configuration of the switch item. ** In other words, if the system is switched to the ciphertext column for query, the system reports an error and needs to be rolled back. Then just set query.with.cipher.column = false, Encrypt-JDBC will restore, that is, start using plainColumn to query again. The processing flow is shown in the following figure: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/7_en.png)
After system migration Due to the requirements of the security audit department, it is generally impossible for the business system to keep the plaintext and ciphertext columns of the database permanently synchronized. We need to delete the plaintext data after the system is stable. That is, we need to delete plainColumn (ie pwd) after system migration. The problem is that now the business code is written for pwd SQL, delete the pwd in the underlying data table stored in plain text, and use pwd_cipher to decrypt to get the original data, does that mean that the business side needs to rectify all SQL, thus Do not use the pwd column that is about to be deleted? Remember the core meaning of our Encrypt-JDBC?
This is also the core meaning of Encrypt-JDBC. According to the encryption rules provided by the user, the user SQL is separated from the underlying database table structure, so that the user's SQL writing no longer depends on the actual database table structure. The connection, mapping, and conversion between the user and the underlying database are handled by ShardingSphere.
Yes, because of the existence of logicColumn, users write SQL for this virtual column. Encrypt-JDBC can map this logical column and the ciphertext column in the underlying data table. So the encryption configuration after migration is: yaml encryptRule: encryptors: aes_encryptor: type: aes props: aes.key.value: 123456abc tables: t_user: columns: pwd: # pwd与pwd_cipher的转换映射 cipherColumn: pwd_cipher encryptor: aes_encryptor props: query.with.cipher.column: true
The processing flow is as follows: !(https://shardingsphere.apache.org/document/current/img/encrypt/8_en.png) So far, the online service encryption and rectification solutions have all been demonstrated. We provide Java, Yaml, SpringBoot, SpringNameSpace multiple ways for users to choose to use, and strive to fulfil business requirements. The solution has been continuously launched on JD Digits, providing internal basic service support.
The advantages of Middleware encryption service
Automated & transparent data encryption process, users do not need to pay attention to the implementation details of encryption.
Provide a variety of built-in, third-party (AKS) encryption strategies, users only need to modify the configuration to use.
Provides a encryption strategy API interface, users can implement the interface to use a custom encryption strategy for data encryption.
Support switching different encryption strategies.
For online services, it is possible to store plaintext data and ciphertext data synchronously, and decide whether to use plaintext or ciphertext columns for query through configuration. Without changing the business query SQL, the on-line system can safely and transparently migrate data before and after encryption.
Description of applicable scenarios
User projects are developed in Java.
The back-end databases are MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQLServer.
The user needs to encrypt one or more columns in the database table (data encryption & decryption).
Compatible with all commonly used SQL.
Users need to deal with the original inventory data and wash numbers in the database.
Use encryption function + sub-library sub-table function, some special SQL is not supported, please refer to SQL specification。
Encryption fields cannot support comparison operations, such as: greater than less than, ORDER BY, BETWEEN, LIKE, etc.
Encryption fields cannot support calculation operations, such as AVG, SUM, and calculation expressions.
ShardingSphere has provided two data masking solutions, corresponding to two ShardingSphere encryption and decryption interfaces, i.e., ShardingEncryptor and ShardingQueryAssistedEncryptor. On the one hand, ShardingSphere has provided internal encryption and decryption implementations for users, which can be used by them only after configuration. On the other hand, to satisfy users' requirements for different scenarios, we have also opened relevant encryption and decryption interfaces, according to which, users can provide specific implementation types. Then, after simple configurations, ShardingSphere can use encryption and decryption solutions defined by users themselves to desensitize data.
The solution has provided two methods encrypt() and decrypt() to encrypt/decrypt data for encryption. When users INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE, ShardingSphere will parse, rewrite and route SQL according to the configuration. It will also use encrypt() to encrypt data and store them in the database. When using SELECT, they will decrypt sensitive data from the database with decrypt() reversely and return them to users at last. Currently, ShardingSphere has provided two types of implementations for this kind of masking solution, MD5 (irreversible) and AES (reversible), which can be used after configuration.
Compared with the first masking scheme, this one is more secure and complex. Its concept is: even the same data, two same user passwords for example, should not be stored as the same desensitized form in the database. It can help to protect user information and avoid credential stuffing. This scheme provides three functions to implement, encrypt(), decrypt() and queryAssistedEncrypt(). In encrypt() phase, users can set some variable, timestamp for example, and encrypt a combination of original data + variable. This method can make sure the encrypted masking data of the same original data are different, due to the existence of variables. In decrypt() phase, users can use variable data to decrypt according to the encryption algorithms set formerly. Though this method can indeed increase data security, another problem can appear with it: as the same data is stored in the database in different content, users may not be able to find out all the same original data with equivalent query (SELECT FROM table WHERE encryptedColumnn = ?) according to this encryption column.Because of it, we have brought out assistant query column, which is generated by queryAssistedEncrypt(). Different from decrypt(), this method uses another way to encrypt the original data; but for the same original data, it can generate consistent encryption data. Users can store data processed by queryAssistedEncrypt() to assist the query of original data. So there may be one more assistant query column in the table. queryAssistedEncrypt() and encrypt() can generate and store different encryption data; decrypt() is reversible and queryAssistedEncrypt() is irreversible. So when querying the original data, we will parse, rewrite and route SQL automatically. We will also use assistant query column to do WHERE queries and use decrypt() to decrypt encrypt() data and return them to users. All these can not be felt by users. For now, ShardingSphere has abstracted the concept to be an interface for users to develop rather than providing accurate implementation for this kind of masking solution. ShardingSphere will use the accurate implementation of this solution provided by users to desensitize data.
This article describes how to use Encrypt-JDBC, one of the ShardingSphere products, SpringBoot, SpringNameSpace are also could be the access form , etc. This form of access mainly focus to Java homogeneous, and is deployed together with business code In a production environment. For heterogeneous languages, ShardingSphere also provides Encrypt-Proxy client. Encrypt-Proxy is a server-side product that implements the binary protocol of MySQL and PostgreSQL. Users can independently deploy the Encrypt-Proxy service, User can access this virtual database server with encryption through third-party database management tools(e.g. Navicat), JAVA connection pool or the command line, just like access ordinary MySQL and PostgreSQL databases. The encryption function belongs to distributed governance of Apache ShardingSphere. In fact, the Apache ShardingSphere ecosystem also has other more powerful capabilities, such as data sharding, read-write separation, distributed transactions, and monitoring governance. You can even choose any combination of these functions, such as encryption + data sharding, or data sharding + read-write separation, or monitoring governance + data sharding. In addition to the combination of these functions, ShardingSphere also provides various access forms, such as Sharding-JDBC and Sharding-Proxy for different situations.
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